DAV Class 6 Science Book Solutions
In our previous article, we had shared DAV Class 6 Chapter 1 Solutions of Science Book. Today, we are going to share the solutions of DAV Class 6 Science book chapter 2 Food. If you have any query you can ask through the comments section below.
Question 1: Name the important sources of our food
There are various sources of food that we eat. We get food from both plants and animals.
Food from Plants
Plants are Autotrophs, i.e. they make their own food. We obtain various foods from plants like:-
Cereal grains like Rice, Wheat, millets, corn etc. We also obtain pulses and gram from the plants. All these food products are an important part of our diet.
Fruits like Apple, Banana, Mango, Guava etc
We also get various type of oils from plants like groundnut oil, soyabean oil, sunflower oil, coconut oil etc.
Spices like turmeric, black pepper, cumin, cloves etc
Vegetables like Carrot, Spinach, Cauliflower, Turnip, Raddish, Potato etc
Food From Animals
We obtain various food products from animals.
Eggs: We get eggs from the hen. Eggs are an important part of our diet as they contain protein.
Milk: Cows and Buffalo gives us milk. Milk is essential for our body growth.
Meat: We obtain meat from various animals like fish, sheep, goat, and chicken. Meat contains protein and help in the growth of our body.
Question 2: State the importance of carbohydrates in our diet.
Ans 2: Carbohydrates provide energy to the body. They contain carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen. Some foods that contain carbohydrates are Rice, Potato, Wheat, and Maize
Question 3: Name the vitamin whose deficiency causes the disease of-
The deficiency of Vitamin D causes night blindness
Vitamin B deficiency in food causes Beri-Beri
Vitamin C deficiency in food causes the disease Scurvy
Deficiency of Vitamin D in the food causes Rickets
Question 4: Name three minerals needed by our body.
The minerals which are needed by our body are as follows:
Calcium: Calcium is important for the proper growth of our teeth and bones. Sources of Calcium are Milk and food products made by milk like curd. Green leafy vegetables also have calcium in them
Iron: Iron is essential for the formation of haemoglobin which is pigment that provides red colour to our body. The rich sources of iron are Spinach and other green leafy vegetables
Iodine: Iodine is one of the most important minerals needed for our body. Its deficiency causes Goitre diseases (enlargement in neck area). Iodised Salts, fruits and vegetables are the sources of Iodine.
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Question 5: State the role of calcium in our body.
Ans 5: Calcium is one of the most important minerals needed for our body. Right from the birth, a child needs calcium. Calcium helps in the development of bones and teeth. Its deficiency can cause weakness, teeth and bone diseases. Lack of calcium leads to weak bones. The main source of Calcium are Milk and products made from milk like curd etc. Green leafy vegetables also contain calcium mineral.
Question 6: Write the full form of the terms PEM and PCM
PEM stands for Protein Energy Malnutrition
PCM stands for Protein Calorie Malnutrition
DAV Class 6 Science Solutions: Chapter Food ( E part)
Question 1: Name the sources of eahc of the following:
The sources of carbohydrates are wheat, rice, maize, potato and sweet potato.
The rich source of protein are: Egg, Soyabean, Milk and meat etc
The sources of Fats are Rice, Mustard oil, Coconut oil, Milk and its products like Ghee, butter etc.
Question 3: Why do we need proteins and how do they affect our health?
We need proteins because proteins are the building blocks of our bodies. They are essential for the growth of tissues and are also essential for the muscles in our body. They are also working for the wear and tear of the body tissues and helps in their repair. The deficiency of protein in our body can lead to malnutrition.
Question 4: A mineral ‘X’ is essential for the formation of component ‘Y’ in the blood of a person. The function, of component Y, is to transport oxygen in the body.
The deficiency of mineral ‘X’ in the diet of a person, causes a disease Z. Identify, X, Y, and Z. Also, mention the symptoms of disease Z.
Ans 4: X here stands for Iron mineral.
Y stands for haemoglobin. Iron helps in the formation of haemoglobin in our body which transports oxygen to the blood.
Deficiency of Iron causes a disease Anaemia. So, Z stands for Anaemia.
Question 5: Deficiency of Iodine is more common in mountainous regions. Why?
The deficiency of iodine is more in people living in mountain regions because the soil and water lack iodine in the mountain region.
Question 6: What is a balanced diet? Why should we take a balanced diet?
A balanced diet means a diet that contains all the essential vitamins and minerals that our body requires. A balanced diet is important for the proper growth and nourishment of our body. A balanced diet contains iron, protein, Vitamin A, B, C etc We should avoid eating junk food in extreme.
So, these were the DAV class 6 Science Book Solutions for Chapter 2 Food. Stay tuned with Careeradvice4u for more DAV Science Book Solutions for Class 6, 7, 8, 9 and 10.
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